Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Research Help

Parenting within a Cultural Tradition

For those students working on the Parenting within a Cultural Tradition project, welcome to this helpful reference guide! 

Here you'll find: 

  • Suggestions on finding scholarly research

  • Answers to the questions "what is an annotated bibliography and what can it do for me?"

  • Information on Library workshops you can attend

Finding background information 


If you're working with families from cultures you're unfamiliar with, it will be helpful to have additional background information on their culture or ethnicity. Understanding different cultures allows us to widen our worldview, and have more empathy for families we work with.

Here are a few online resources you might consider. These are just for your benefit, you will not cite these resources in your project.  

CIA WorldFactbook - Includes brief summaries and histories for various cultural traditions from our CIA 

MAS Ultra - Includes references from the Columbia Encyclopedia, the CIA World Fact Book and World Almanac & Book of Facts

Wikipedia - (be cautious when using this resource, make sure to check the sources cited at the end of each article)

Watch a documentary on your preferred streaming service


Search Terms


Create a list of synonyms, broader terms, and related terms before your begin your search. If you don't think you're finding relevant materials, you can quickly check your list and switch up the keywords and phrases you are using. These are some examples of keywords you might use, feel free to think of your own as well.

Childrearing Parenting Culture
Child development Parenting style Tradition
Parent-child relationship Motherhood or Parenthood Immigrant or refugee

Struggling to think of different keywords and phrases?
Think about how you'd describe your research question to someone outside your field like a friend or family member. What do you currently not know about this topic? What are you hoping to learn through this project? How can you describe the culture or tradition you're examining? 

Finding research studies


Ebsco and ProQuest are great places to begin your search. These databases include thousands of research studies, and are already vetted so you know they're scholarly! Both databases are very useful, but if you're in the ECE program you may find Ebsco a little more tailored to your needs. Similarly, if you're in more social work or child life focused, you may find ProQuest more helpful. Either database is a great place to start for all students. 

You can also use Google Scholar, but make sure to link your Erikson affiliation so that Google Scholar shows you the resources available through the Library. 

For additional help with using these resources, visit our Tips and Tutorials page. 

Especially if you're conducting a search using Google Scholar or another search engine, use the SIFT method from Michael Caulfield to better analyze the article. 

SIFT - stop, investigate the source, find better coverage, trace the quotes or data back to the original source

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

Annotated bibliography descriptionAn annotated bibliography is simple a list of your references with an additional paragraph that describes the value, application, and relevance of the reference for your paper.  These short annotations help you and your reader understand how each of your studies/resources supports your discussion of childrearing in various cultures.

For more help, use the Academic Success Center! They offer various helpful sources include a page on writing academic papers and annotated bibliographies and tips on reading academic resources and research

You can also explore the Purdue Online Writing Lab's website, which includes APA formatting and sample annotations. 

Tech Recommendations

Here are a few apps we recommend for recording and transcribing your interviews. Some are free and some are not, please be sure to select the app that works best for you and your project. 

Microsoft Stream is available through your Erikson credentials, and may be a great option for recording video, audio, and an auto-transcription. The generated captions will not be perfect, so it will require a bit of editing on your part. You can either log in with your Erikson email address and password on the Microsoft site, or access it in your account where you find other Microsoft apps.